As a writer, a goal of your craft is to transport the writer from the present, to a place in their imagination. To immerse a reader into the story, writers use many methods, but one of the strongest is using the senses to connect the reader to his/her memories.
Sight is the backbone of all writing. “Her blue summer dressed flapped gently in the wind” evokes a vision, one built around the sense of sight. But what about the other human senses?
Incorporating the other four senses not only gives your reader a the description of the event but also can connect them neurologically thru their memory senses.
The use of senses gives the writer the ability to tap into the readers memories of those sensations. For the short story writer, the use of sense becomes more challenging as you make sure not to obviously direct the reader toward the memory with redundant words such as smell, feel, taste etc.
“She felt the wind gently blow thru the trees. The smell of pine was in the air. She could feel her blue summer dress gently flap on her legs.”
This sentence can become:
“As the wind blew gently thru the pine trees she could feel her summer dress gently flap on her legs”
Trust your reader to absorb the surroundings themselves, and create their own interpretation of the moment.